Basra Iraq Museums
The Iraqi city of Basra will be the country's first museum in more than a decade. The former home of former Prime Minister Saddam Hussein and his family is currently being converted into a museum, which is due to open in September this year.
The museum will focus on Iraqi archaeology and history and will display 3,500 artifacts from the Baghdad Iraq Museum. Another 100 pieces are also on display at the Basra Museum, which is the first museum of its kind to open in Iraq in more than a decade. The operational plan was drawn up by the British Friends of Saddam Hussein, a charity that is partly funding the project. It includes the collection in the former palace of the late dictator, as well as a number of other buildings and buildings in the city.
The British connection to museums in Iraq has led to the exhibits always being exhibited in bilingual languages, in English and Arabic. For scholars, the museum has a rich multilingual library that underscores the prestige of the Iraq Museum as one of the best in the world for Mesopotamian studies. The fact that it consists of a carefully labelled collection of more than 3,500 artifacts and manuscripts reflects this wealth. Antiquities of Old Mesoamerica, "which contains over 1,000 manuscripts, books and other works of art, as well as hundreds of manuscripts.
The museum is meant to protect our cultural heritage and teach Basrawis and Iraqis in general why Iraq's rich history is still relevant, "Abeed said. The museum makes our heritage much more accessible to all Iraqis and we are proud to let them be part of it. But more support is needed to strengthen our Basrawi heritage, Abeeds says, especially given the ongoing conflict in the region and lack of access to education.
In 1986, a second courtyard building was added to the museum, renamed the Iraqi National Museum. In light of the looting of the Iraq Museum in 2003, al-Abeed ordered that thick steel doors be installed at the entrance and galleries that could be sealed quickly. He told National Geographic that he wants the very modern museum to do more than just exhibit objects, and he plans to make it accessible to all Iraqis, not just Basrawis.
He said the museum will exhibit more than two thousand items that were kept in the Baghdad museum, 100 of which were stolen, smuggled abroad and then recovered. Al-Gailani is also pushing a plan to open a new antiquities museum in the city of Basra in 2016. In addition to books and records of archaeological studies, the British Institute for the Study of Iraq, currently housed in Baghdad, will keep a collection of over 100,000 artifacts from Iraq's ancient history.
When completed, the museum will include artifacts from the city of Basra and other parts of the country, including Baghdad, Mosul, Tikrit, Erbil and Baghdad.
The nascent Iraq Museum offers a unique opportunity to create a museum in the Middle East and the region as a whole. The collection of the Iraq Museum includes artifacts from the cities of Basra, Baghdad, Mosul, Tikrit, Erbil and Baghdad, as well as other parts of Iraq.
Before the war, many of the objects in the collection were moved to secure storage by the curators of the Iraq Museum and are largely intact. The rest of the collection was transferred to the central custody in Baghdad, and many of the museum's objects were recovered and traced back to looted museums in Basra, Mosul, Tikrit, Erbil, Baghdad and other parts of Iraq. During the Second World War, the Iraqi National Museum was looted by Baghdad during the Battle of Mosul in August 1945.
The curator of the Iraqi National Museum, Dr. Mustafa al-Qaradawi, oversaw the restoration of the museum's collection from the war losses and the restoration of its collections.
Before becoming director of the museum, Abeed suggested to the Basra City Council that the richly decorated property in Shatt al-Arab, built in 1990, might be the perfect place for a new museum. As a supporter of Iraq's heritage and museums, al Gailani selected artifacts to be exhibited at the National Museum in Baghdad, which was looted in the wake of the US invasion. He said: 'Basra in southern Iraq was a dictator's palace and that is symbolic.
Baghdad was the final destination for many of the objects selected for the Basra Museum. The Iraqi-born archaeologist and founder of a UK-based charity played a key role in the project. The advice was formulated by the former head of Operation Heritage, who helped assess damage to archaeological sites in southern Iraq during Operation Heritage and who founded the museum with the help of Gertrude Bell, a writer, traveller and archaeologist who had helped discover the "Iraqi state." But she fell ill and had to stay in Baghdad for several months before the object was selected for the Basra Museum in 1990, the first of its kind.