Basra Iraq Culture
A leading expert at the British Museum has revealed that during the early stages of the US occupation of Iraq, antiquities from the museum's collection were looted by members of Saddam Hussein's ruling family and their associates. Since the fall of Hussein in 2003, an estimated 15,000 pieces have been stolen from Iraq's National Museum. After the fall of his rule, looters looted the National Museum in Iraq to destroy the artifacts.
The first reports from Iraq in April reported destruction of near-catastrophic proportions, triggering a wave of concern. The focus of the new "Iraqi literature" has shifted to documenting a critical post-colonial event by analyzing the impact of the US occupation on Iraq's ancient cultural heritage and its future. He describes the importance of showing how Iraq's ancient heritage is being endangered by the US military occupation and the continued looting of its antiquities by members of Saddam Hussein's family.
He highlights the radical change brought about by the colonial influence on Iraqi culture. Alsebti shows that there is an attack on "Iraq's elites and culture in general" to weaken education levels and drive Iraq back into illiteracy.
The first chapter of the book presents Rasool's thesis on the role of Ottoman influence in shaping political, economic, and cultural life in Iraq at the beginning of the twentieth century. Emphasizing the bond between Ottoman and Iraqi intellectuals, the work shows the ideas that circulated and the phenomenon that continued after the establishment of a Hashemite monarchy. In 1925, Britain transferred Mosul to Iraq, and Iraqi parties tried unsuccessfully to wrest it from the Turks. Rasools presents a series of events that begin with the monarchy of King Faisal II and end with the invasion of ISIS in 2014.
Iraqi officials, however, hope that the conversion of a former Saddam's palace into the country's first museum in decades will help to revive a cultural revival in Mosul, Iraq's fastest-growing city. Iraqi culture, Rasools said, is not popular with the local community because of its lack of historical significance.
The museum's goal is to protect the cultural heritage and teach Basrawis, Iraqis and Iraqis in general why Iraq's rich history is still relevant, said Abeed al-Abed, the museum's director and a member of its board of directors. For White Spunner, it is also political: "It's about telling a long, deep story about the history of Iraq and showing the long and deep stories of our past," he said.
The study seeks to contribute to this discourse by outlining the crucial role of the Basrawi cultural heritage and its role in the coded narrative of Iraqi history. Regardless of these different perspectives, there is no doubt that the International Coalition, led by Britain and America in 2003, is responsible for a substantial part of the current political and cultural discourse in Iraq and the Middle East.
Iraq has waged a military campaign against the Kurds in the country, and their loyalty to Iraq was demonstrated when they fought Iran alongside their Shiite brothers.
The Iraqi military used Basra as a route for the invasion of Kuwait during the first Gulf War, and this phenomenon preceded Saddam Hussein. Later, in 1987-88, Iraq used chemical weapons against the Kurds and initiated the "Anfal" campaign against them, in which between 50,000 and 100,000 Kurds were killed. Ironically, US-led forces used Basra as a route to Baghdad for their invasion in the 2003 invasion. The idea of leaving "Ostlers" behind in Iraq has been discussed with a group of people who stay there, whose cultural roots lie abroad, since 1962.
Basra is located on the marshy southern tip of the Gulf, where the Euphrates and Tigris meet. Basra has been home to Arabs, Persians, Turks, Indians and Greeks for centuries, who have left their cultural traces. The city has become an important tourist destination, home to the world's largest oil refinery. Slemani is a member of a group of "Easterners" from the southern city of Najaf in southern Iraq. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed, the neighborhoods of southern cities like Najaf declared independence and wrote separate constitutions, Iraq was the only Middle Eastern country without a constitution of its own for Kurds and Arabs.
Basra is one of Iraq's cultural centers, whose cultural heritage comes from the ancient city of Najaf, the birthplace of Islam and the capital of Saddam Hussein. The looters and smugglers who ravaged Iraq's cultural heritage between 1991 and 2003 built a distribution network and relationships that stretched from Iraq to Damascus, Geneva and London.
The few remaining Jews in Basra and Baghdad emigrated after American and British troops invaded Iraq in 2003, ending Saddam Hussein's dictatorship. The rise of the Islamic State in Iraq has served as a unifying force for many Iraqis in the south who are worried about the terror group's threat.